The First Sudoku?

Sudoku is often compared to Magic Squares, a rectangular array of numbers, so that each column, row, and both diagonals have the same sum. (thankfully we don’t need maths with Sudoku!)

The history of magic squares dates back to at least 1000 BC in China. By the 2nd Century BC there were 4×4 magic squres appearing, often in connection with religious practice.

One of the most famous illustrations of a magic square is in the famous Albrecht Durer woodcut, Melancholia. The illustration and a blow up of the square can be seen at these links to the St Andrews University site.

Another famous variation on the Magic Square (enhanced image shown below) is on the Passion facade of the Sagrada Familia, the unfinished cathedral in Barcelona designed by Antoni Gaudi. Each row and column add up to 33, the age of Christ at his death.

For more information on the History of Sudoku click here.

Information on Magic Squares sourced from Magic Squares.

 

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